Paul Clarke

Paul Clarke

Developer, Autoscope

Currently employed at Autoscope



    I am the developer of Autoscope, a new technology which turns normal videos into cartoons and normal photos into apparent digital art portraits. You can see many examples of the "photo-to-art" capabilities of Autoscope via the gallery pages of my website at: And there are numerous "video-to-cartoon" samples on my YouTube channel at: Autoscope is the result of 13 years of research into the possibility of creating a fully automatic rotoscoping tool, which would enable the user to convert a normal video into a cartoon, or a normal photo into an art portrait, with no drawing or painting of any kind needed. Until now, the only ways to achieve a video-to-cartoon conversion were to rotoscope entirely by hand, to utilize a semi-automatic rotoscoping program or to use a filter. Hand rotoscoping is impractical for videos beyond a few seconds in length, or a few minutes at most, because of the huge workload involved in hand tracing over so many individual frames. Additionally, it is impossible to achieve an acceptable level of line stability between the frames. Semi-automatic rotoscoping solves the problem of line instability, but still requires teams of skilled artists to hand rotoscope large numbers of keyframes from which the remaining frames are automatically created. Filtering is fast and simple, but there is no filter in existence that can convert a normal video into a cartoon of anything even approaching an acceptable level of quality. Firstly, filters tend to drastically reduce, and sometimes even completely remove, important detail, such as parts of people's faces. Secondly, filters are unable to correct the natural inconsistencies between video frames which, while unnoticeable on a normal video, become highly visible on a much brighter cartoon which, essentially, removes the film clutter that was previously concealing those inconsistencies. The result is usually a mass of flickering, shimmering lines and other shapes all over the video. Autoscope, uniquely, solves all of the above problems, giving the user the ability to produce clear, stable, well defined cartoons at the click of a mouse. After a long period in development, Autoscope is now ready for release, but requires some investment



At Autoscope

From 2003 to Present